Gould's are on rebound  

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Gould's are on rebound  

Dale hajek, The Arizona Republic

May 2, 2002

At one time Gould's turkeys could be heard gobbling throughout much of southeastern Arizona, but a combination of unregulated subsistence hunting, the removal of oaks for mine timber and firewood, extensive grazing and prolonged drought conditions wiped them out by the 1920s.

Today biologists say that up to 200 of the birds are strutting around in the Huachuca Mountains just a few miles north of the Arizona-Mexico border.

They are the result of successful transplant efforts by the Arizona Game and Fish Department and National Wild Turkey Federation from Mexico in 1983 and 1987.

A small population of Gould's turkeys also exists in southwestern New Mexico. The largest number can be found in Mexico, but the extent of that population is unknown - studies show birds are common in several Mexican states. Limited hunting is allowed in Mexico.

Gould's turkeys are one of Arizona's two subspecies and the largest of the five found in the United States (the others include the eastern, Florida, Rio Grande and Merriam's). Merriam's turkeys are fairly common throughout Arizona's pine forests.
 

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