New Evidence on Stem Cells.


Mar 11, 2001
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New Evidence on Stem Cells.

Associated Press

5:12 p.m. July 26, 2001 PDT  
WASHINGTON -- Injecting stem cells into a fetus may correct organic problems in a developing brain, researchers say in the latest study showing promise for stem cell science as President Bush weighs federal policy on funding the controversial research.

The pioneering work explored the possibility of repairing a damaged brain during gestation. Researchers injected human neural stem cells into the skulls of three unborn monkeys and then showed that the cells were incorporated into the developing brains of the animals.

The study means it may be possible to use stem cells to repair a damaged brain before a child is born, said Dr. Curt R. Freed, a researcher at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

"The clinical implications are potentially profound," said Freed, a co-author of the research appearing Friday in the journal Science.

"This suggests we could repair the developing human brain in utero and have a child born normally that would otherwise have a defect that could lead to failure of the brain in the first few years of life."

Freed and Dr. Evan Y. Snyder of Harvard Medical School led a team of researchers who developed a way to treat Parkinson's disease in adults by injecting into their brains fetal neural cells that make dopamine, a brain chemical that is lacking in Parkinson's.

Although the researchers used stem cells from an aborted fetus, Freed said further research may show that repairing the brain could best be done using neural stem cells that are grown from embryonic stem cells.

Embryonic stem cells are extracted from a human embryo. Researchers have shown those stem cells can be directed to transform into other types of cells.

A plan to give federal funding to embryonic stem cell research has been delayed on the president's orders.

Some groups oppose the research because obtaining embryonic stem cells requires the death of a human embryo. These groups believe that adult stem cells, which can be isolated without the death of an embryo, should be studied instead.

Many researchers, however, believe the embryonic stem cells hold greater promise for treating disease using techniques similar to those reported by Freed and his colleagues.

Freed said he favors federal support of all types of stem cell research.

"We need to find out which is the best source for treating any particular condition," he said. "All of the stem cell possibilities need to be tested."

Using a technique similar to one used for Parkinson's disease, researchers now are exploring ways to correct a brain disorder before birth.

Freed said the technique, years away from being ready for human clinical trials, holds promise for treating diseases of the brain that develop because of flawed brain cells.

He said an example would be Tay-Sachs disease, an inherited enzyme deficiency disorder in which a child is born normally, but has brain failure as an infant.

The disorder occurs in about one out of every 3,600 children born to European Jewish families and to French-Canadian families. It leads to mental retardation, blindness and death by the age of 4.

Freed said that in theory, injections of healthy neural stem cells could supplant the cells whose flaws cause Tay-Sachs and give the brain sufficient enzymes to develop normally after birth.

"Diseases of this sort are the ones most likely to be treated by this kind of strategy," Freed said.

Dr. Larry Goldstein, a stem cell researcher at the University of California, San Diego, said the work "establishes some important properties of these cells and shows that they can engraft and colonize and migrate" within the brain.

In the study, the researchers isolated neural stem cells from a human fetus that came from an elective abortion. The cells were cultured until they numbered several million. Then they were injected into the developing brain of a monkey fetus at three months gestational age.

The monkey fetus was carried for another month and then removed by Caesarean section. The brain then was analyzed.

"The remarkable thing we found is that the stem cells we put in did not produce a glob of cells in one place in the brain," Freed said. "Instead, they distributed themselves around the fluid-filled spaces and went into an orderly migration to the areas of the brain that were under development."

In effect, the injected cells became an active, participating part of the young brain.

By using human cells in the monkey, the researchers could easily identify the fate and development of the injected cells because they are clearly different in tests from those of the monkey.

Some of the injected stem cells joined pools or pockets of monkey stem cells. Researchers believe these may make up what Snyder has called "an organic tool box" that the brain could use later in life to replace or repair damaged or injured neurons. The finding supports the idea that during development, the brain retains neural stem cells for future use.


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Mar 28, 2001
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This stem cell thing is another liberal media shell game to hide the truth.  They don't tell you that the researchers put these stem cells in people with parkinson's and caused them to have all kinds of weird side effects like uncontrollable spasms.  The side effects were worse than the disease itself.  They also don't tell you about the families who testified on capital hill who "adopted" embryos and had full healthy babies.

What is society coming to where the antis can protect every life form but man won't protect the innocent unborn?

I was in a Wendy's in D.C. back when the government stopped funding abortions through federal employee health plan benefits.  I overheard a woman telling her friend that she was pregnant but had to keep the baby now because her health insurance wouldn't pay for an abortion any more.

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